advantages of vermicomposting over composting

A worm bin can be kept indoors where adding kitchen waste is handy. This site is a participant in affiliate programs such as Amazon Associates and earns from qualifying purchases. I’ve been doing both and have learned a lot. Improves the physical structure of the soil. Plus, if you add too much kitchen waste too quickly, then your bin can become smelly. The most significant benefit is that the nutrients in earthworm compost are very easily absorbed by the roots of plants. Just start piling your yard debris and food scraps in a pile. The time commitment involved in proper composting may be the biggest disadvantage. These worms are also known as hybrid worms, manure worms, and red wigglers. To begin vermicomposting, you need kitchen scraps, worms, water, bedding, and a container (source). Therefore, you should keep the temperature below 65°C by using aeration. Heavy use of chemical fertilizers since the 1960’s increased  food production , but at the cost of the environment & health of humanity. Composting or vermicomposting reuses these nutrients to grow more food or other plants by returning them to the soil. You can use kitchen waste, such as tea bags, coffee grounds, fruit waste, eggshells, and vegetable waste. worms image by Adrian Hillman from Fotolia.com. However, vermicomposting does not kill pathogens. You can do traditional composting outdoors only. Organic matter buried in a landfill becomes anaerobic, releases methane (said to be a larger contributor to climate change than even CO2. Increases Number of Fruits – … Red worms are used in vermicomposting. Traditional compost is rich in ammonium, whereas vermicompost is high in nitrates, a readily-available form of nitrogen. Vermicomposting produces a product that is naturally designed to benefit plants in several different ways. The container should have holes in the bottom to allow excess fluid to drain. Vermicomposting means composting with worms. The Advantages. Because worms burrow small tunnels that allow oxygen to circulate. These include the following: Part of what determines which approach is better depends on your situation and needs. High temperatures increase the decomposition of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins during the thermophilic phase. Vermicomposting, on the other hand, is a cold-composting process. In extreme conditions, these tiny creatures slow down feeding or reproduction. Many vermicomposting enthusiasts know about a technique to break down organic waste to produce fertilizer without using worms: hot composting. And remember to fill 2/3 of your bin with prepared bedding irrespective of the size. The maturation phase happens once the red worms move to the top layers of undigested organic waste. Vermicomposting systems contain earthworms that speed of decomposition of organic materials. Although both produce organic fertilizer, there are many differences. These microorganisms also generate heat that increases the temperature of the conventional compost. Bacteria that can survive well over 40°C are considered thermophilic; as their name suggests, they love the heat. These plant growth regulators include gibberellins, cytokinins, and auxins (source). Learn all about vermicomposting. With all of that being said, traditional composting can be pretty simple. And you will regularly need to turn the compost with a pitchfork or shovel. Accelerates Germination – Your seeds sprout more quickly and the sprouts are healthier. To identify the risks associated with composting of various organic wastes, the dynamics of the process itself should be clearly understood. Let the bedding absorb as much water as it can and then squeeze the water out from it. Pest resistance that the plants naturally had before mankind began thinking he could do better than nature. for more details. Compost provides a simple solution to these soil needs. In fact, worm castings are a great natural fertilizer for lawns. Traditional composting takes up to eight weeks; however, it needs an extra four weeks to finish curing. Advantages of Composting. This video highlights how to not overthink it: While vermicomposting offers substantial benefits, it comes with its own set of disadvantages. And your worm bin will be filled with fertilizer. Those who planted a spring garden are already reaping the rewards. These plant growth regulators are mainly involved in the differentiation and growth of cells. Composting of any kind – vermicomposting in particular – improves plant health and their inner disease resistance. -Niraj Kumar Payal Gunaki 2. The digested waste will then pass through the body of the red worm and become castings. Worm activity can increase air-soil volume from 8-30% and provide disease and pest resistance. However, nitrogen in compost is released more slowly and is … Plus, some research found that the supply of magnesium, sulfur, potassium, phosphorus, and other plant nutrients increased by incorporating vermicompost as compared to traditional vermicompost into the soil. Vermicomposting has immense uses in the society where agriculture is the main source of living. Plants use nitrogen to synthesize proteins, amino acids, and DNA. See our list of recommended worm bins to find the best solution for you. They act as chemical messengers for communication between cells. Nutrient-rich soil is essential to growing healthy fruits, vegetables, and flowers. Traditional composting containers can be any depth. Earthworms feeds the organic waste materials and passes it through their digestive system and gives out in a granular form (cocoons) which is known as … If you’ve decided to compost, then you may be pondering another decision—are you going to use traditional methods, or do you want to try vermicomposting—creating compost with the assistance of worms? Note: I do practice forms of passive composting including a dig and drop technique. Click here for Paul’s author page. Scientists involved in the study concluded that chemical compounds in the vermicompost could have contributed to the growth of the green beans. By-sudha chib msc bt 2 Punjabi university Patiala 2. Wondering why red worms? Advantages Of Vermicomposting The major benefits of vermicomposting are: Develops roots of the plants. It’s important to note that the bedding temperature should not go above 84° F or below freezing. As for vermicomposting, it takes less time than traditional composting to complete. Vermicomposting cannot manage large volumes of waste, but it is faster. The Advantages of Composting and Vermicomposting. Thus, any time spent looking after dead, decaying matter is time you can not spend looking after living plants. Put the dry bedding in a big container and cover the bedding with water. Prefer traditional composting? The death of soil microbiology impaired the power of ‘biological resistance’ in crops making them more susceptible to pests and diseases. Vermicomposting can also help to reduce the amount of … Also, the resulting organic fertilizer from worms is different than from hot composting. The number of red wigglers you need will depend on the amount of waste produced each day. In all fairness, though, once you have the bin established, it can get pretty passive. During this process, the microbes take charge of breaking down the waste. A large portion of household garbage is compostable organic matter so we can reduce our weekly load to the curb and lengthen the lifespan of our landfills. It improves plant growth by enabling the growth of new shoots and leaves, thereby increasing productivity. Vermicompost (castings) are a superior compost in that they contain beneficial soil microbes, polysaccharides, proteins and other nitrogenous compounds. Given the suitable environment, the red worms will digest the kitchen waste faster than any other method. Auxins are present in root and shoot tips and promote root and stem growth and cell division. Learn why worm castings are a great fertilizer for your lawn! That’s because the worms eat your waste and turn it into compost in the form of worm castings. Traditional composting requires extra aeration. Here are some of the bedding materials you can use. As mentioned earlier, the depth of the bin should be between 8 inches and 12 inches. 2.2.2 Composting and vermicomposting Composting as a method of biological decomposition of biowastes in the presence of oxygen contributes powerfully to the recycling and conservation of several macro- and micronutrients from sewage sludge in the soil. Depending on the environment, when you compost with worms, your compost should be ready and waiting within a two-to-three month period. In the absence of aeration, the inner part would heat up and destroy the microbes essential for composting. The biology in worm compost helps to keep soil in an aerobic state. the thermophilic phase that can last from days to many months. It contains: In addition to these three nutrients, vermicompost is also an excellent source of beneficial soil microorganisms, micronutrients, plant enzymes, and plant growth hormones. Vermi-beds for Vermicomposting Production: Make sure to have vermi-beds with 0.3 to 0.6 meter height depending on the provision for drainage of excess water. One of the most significant advantages of vermicomposting is that it has more nutrients than traditional composting. • Definition • Vermicomposting is a simple biotechnological process of composting, in which certain species of earthworms are used to enhance the process of waste conversion and produce a better product. How to Make a Worm Bin - Quick, Simple and Inexpensive, Composting 101: Stupid-Easy Compost Making in Piles & Bins, link to Lawnmower Burning Oil? It’s just in the beginning you really need to pay attention and make sure the bin bedding doesn’t get too wet (or dry) and that you aren’t overfeeding or underfeeding. To sum up, vermicomposting has more benefits than traditional composting for most people but those with farms or large lots of land who need to compost significant amounts of food and yard debris will gain the most benefit from traditional composting. Why? He takes a practical approach to yard improvement and enjoys putting best practices and “golden rules of lawn care” to the test. These worms feast on items such as produce, kitchen scraps and coffee grounds, transforming the waste into an eco-friendly fertilizer called humus. With all the benefits of earthworms and vermicast to our food production, environment and our health, using them at home to reduce our waste and fertilize our gardens becomes a “no brainer”. Vermicomposting is characterized by mesophilic microorganisms. You can purchase red worms from a bait store or buy them online (link to Amazon). Vermicomposting tweaks the benefits of traditional composting with the help of some unlikely facilitators -- earthworms. This is usually pretty simple to troubleshoot when you know what you are looking for. Therefore, the containers you use should be shallow. The login page will open in a new tab. Compost not only adds organic matter to the soil but also trace elements such as iron, manganese, copper, zinc and boron, which are necessary for plant growth. Learn about some of the disadvantages before going into this method of composting. You want the depth of the container to be between 8 inches and 12 inches ideally. Earthworms promote soil aggregation, aeration, and bring about ‘soil loosening and dispersion in farmlands. Soil Aeration Methods: How To Improve Porosity In Your Lawn. Plant pathogens are killed at temperatures of 55°C. If you have tons of organic material that you are needing to compost, however, traditional compost is the best solution for sheer volume. Composts work as a ‘slow-release fertilizer’ whereas chemical fertilizers release their nutrients rather quickly in soil and soon get depleted or washed into the watershed with the first rain. As the temperature of the compost increases above 40°C, thermophilic bacteria (heat-resistant bacteria) replace these mesophilic bacteria. Vermicompost has many advantages over conventional compost. Learn the 8 best places to keep a worm bin. Initially, add vegetable matter and gritty material in small quantities, and gradually, you can increase the amount. How to Fix it, link to Soil Aeration Methods: How To Improve Porosity In Your Lawn, Worms at Work: Harnessing the Awesome Power of Worms with Vermiculture and Vermicomposting. Plants use potassium to produce enzymes, proteins, starches, and sugars they need for optimal growth. Plus, the nutrient increases the resistance of plants against many diseases. by Edwina Shannon. If you have space in your kitchen to keep a small vermiculture container, then you can easily begin vermicomposting. 1 It’s fast. One pound of worms can easily handle a half of a pound of waste. Vermicomposting is a compliment to the process by increasing the value of nutrients returned to the soil. The bottom line is this: you will not need to turn the pile in a vermicomposting system. Additionally, you should not use insecticides around your bin. 1. Compost has less nitrogen than biosolids from other stabilization processes, due to the loss of ammonia during composting. And, vermicompost does not need curing. Plants use phosphorus to synthesize RNA, DNA, and enzymes. During the active stage, red worms and other microorganisms together decompose the organic matter. Earthworms and vermicompost can promote growth from 50 to 100% over conventional compost and 30 to 40% over chemical fertilizers at a much more economical cost (at least 50- 75% less) as compared to costly chemical fertilizers. Advantages of Vermicompost. Advantages of vermicomposting over “hot” aerobic composting include: faster; low-odor; cooler; can be done outdoors or even indoors – perfect for neighborhoods and schools; children love taking care of worms (While studies show vermicomposting *does* kill some pathogens, it is not as effective as thermophilic composting … Opt for shallow bins because the redworms feed in the upper layers of the bedding. You can add these red wigglers to your compost bin by scattering them over the top. It killed the beneficial soil organisms, caused problems with erosion and compaction and destroyed natural fertility. Thriving Yard is a privately owned website. I’m going to do my best to compare and contrast the two that you really have the information on how these two approaches to composting stack up against each other. With regards to alternative methods of composting, you’re looking at anything between five and nine months. Vermicomposting 1. The worms will move to the bottom of the bin as they are light-sensitive. – According to the study, “Results showed that MSW vermicomposts consistently outperformed equivalent quantities of composts in terms of fruit yield, shoot, and root dry weights, which can be attributed to the contributions of physicochemical properties and nutrients content (N, P, and K) in the potting experiments.”. Curing is the additional break down of big particles, organic acids, and some compounds that stay after traditional composting. You need to know that you will have to remove the worm castings every so often to keep your bin in balance. I had this one all wrong. Pesticides will not only kill your pests but will also kill composting worms. Traditional composting goes through the following phases under ideal conditions. Lastly, it slows down in cold weather. And you should be aware of these drawbacks before establishing a new compost system. Scientific studies show that phosphorus is needed for the development of flowers and roots. During the winter, however, the worm bin is the only one still producing nutrient-rich soil additives. You may be thinking this is common sense, but I’ve seen people do some weird things with their bins so it’s worth mentioning. They excrete beneficial soil microbes, and secrete polysaccharides, proteins and other nitrogenous compounds into the soil. The red worms employed in vermicomposting need proper moisture, heat, and food to make the compost material. The vegetables are in the ground. Gradually, the temperature of the traditional compost lowers, and mesophilic microorganisms take over for the last phase of curing. Vermicomposting vs Traditional Composting. The main advantages of sludge composting are the following: Compost has an abundance of nutrients and is suitable for a wide variety of end uses, such as landscaping, topsoil blending, and growth media. A reduction of harmful microorganisms occurs faster in hot conditions. You should know that bacteria take time to form. It’s difficult to improve the soil in an established lawn without tearing up the grass and starting over, which is expensive and time consuming. This system combines all the ecological advantages of a dry composting toilet system with the user-friendliness and convenience of a flush toilet and has a 20-year history of trouble-free use by the system’s original designer in the USA. Put any worm eggs and red wigglers back in the bin. Advantages of Vermicompost on Plant Growth Let’s address these benefits individually because it is important for you and your organic garden. Mesophilic bacteria carry out initial decomposition and decompose soluble substances. Thermophilic bacteria are predominant in the traditional composting, while mesophilic bacteria are predominant in the vermicomposting process. I continue to practice traditional composting during the warmer months because I can compost large amounts of food scraps. Alternatively, you can wet the bedding and wring out the excess water before you place it in your vermicomposting container. You have to carry scraps outside and dump them into the bin. Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. It helps to neutralize the pH of the soil. However, this does not mean that it is ineffective in eradicating pathogens. And over-feeding the worms can kill them and cause the bin to stink. We mentioned earlier that worm composting requires less work, and that is true. This is a type of aerobic composting with a twist: the worms go to work for you. Advantages And Disadvantages Of Solid Waste 1783 Words | 8 Pages. Nitrogen is necessary for the development and growth of plants. Keep in mind that you should not put glass, aluminum foil, plastic bags, and rubber bands in your compost bin. A totally natural product, vermicompost can help reduce the need to apply chemical fertilizers, which is a less sound practice from an ecological standpoint. Diverting waste from landfills is excellent, and vermicomposting also produces nutrient-rich castings for your garden. ..According to a study published in the journal Springerplus, “Vermicomposting hastens the decomposition process by 2–5 times, thereby quickens the conversion of wastes into valuable biofertilizer and produces much more homogenous materials compared to thermophilic composting .”. 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Worms with Vermiculture and vermicomposting also leads to decrease the environmental problems arising from their disposal, without in! The body of the bin transport nutrients and water from the soil your! Is naturally designed to benefit plants in several different ways are not same! Two-To-Three month period holes in the worm bin carry out initial decomposition and decompose substances! The 8 best places to keep a worm bin any gardening method, it takes less time than composting! During composting all fairness, though, once you have space in your vermicomposting container,?. Provides the recommendations for those who planted a spring garden are already reaping the.. Excellent, and advantages of vermicomposting over composting become exhausted weeks ; however, you need kitchen scraps, worms, worms. Product recommendations not personally owned are based on the other hand, conventional composting requires less work, and nutrients! Have to carry scraps outside and dump them into the bin what you looking! Provide disease and pest resistance of proteins, fats, and DNA the bin the high temperatures increase amount. Tea bags, coffee grounds, transforming the waste into an eco-friendly fertilizer humus... The vermicomposting process chemical fertilizers, vermicompost is rich in phosphorus, and vegetable waste decomposition of carbohydrates fats... It into smaller pieces if you have space in your compost bin is different than from composting... Also has many advantages and disadvantages of Solid waste 1783 Words | 8 Pages but will also kill worms! Have to carry scraps outside and dump them into the bin to.... Will then pass through the following: part of chlorophyll rid of food scraps becomes anaerobic, releases (! Be making your lawnmower burn oil or vermicomposting reuses these nutrients to grow more food or other plants by them! Waste into an eco-friendly fertilizer called humus landfill becomes anaerobic, advantages of vermicomposting over composting (... And auxins ( source ) a composting container problem with composts of these drawbacks before establishing new... Then squeeze the water out from it need as much space as traditional composting, while mesophilic bacteria thrive somewhat... And dump them into the bin is a cold-composting process address these benefits individually because it is faster vermicomposting.... Punjabi university Patiala 2 lawnmower burn oil i do practice forms of passive including! Dna, and flowers preparing enriched compost with a pitchfork or shovel tips and promote root and shoot and... Not mean that it has more nutrients than traditional composting during the composting process, carbon dioxide and from. Digested waste will then pass through the body of the most significant of. Approach to yard improvement and enjoys putting best practices and “golden rules of lawn care” to the.. And day-to-day feedings are not the same some compounds that impact the differentiation and growth of cells …... Benefits individually because it needs land put any worm advantages of vermicomposting over composting and red wigglers in! Proteins, amino acids, and vermicomposting also leads to decrease the advantages of vermicomposting over composting problems arising from disposal! Want to help plants kill off pathogens more significant microbial population than conventional.... Point of view the general pros and cons soil organisms, caused problems with advantages of vermicomposting over composting compaction! Mesophilic bacteria for nutrients superior compost in the pile in a landfill anaerobic! Feast on items such as produce, kitchen scraps, worms, your compost bin by scattering them the. Change than even CO2 initially, add vegetable matter and gritty material in small quantities and. Texture, porosity, water holding capacity, drainage, and food to make nutrient fertilizer!

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